Muslim Mosque and Muslim Church are the same things - called Masjid. Christian people are used “Church” for the worship house. In America and Europe, many Churches are converted to Mosque. So many people used Muslim Church instead of Muslim Mosque or Masjid. Some fanatic Christian have no knowledge about the name of Mosque and they usually used Muslim Church instead of Muslim Mosque.
The Mosque is a center place where Muslim can gather for salat or prayer as well as a center for information & education. The Imam (The leader of the believers) leads the salat (prayer).The children are taught Quran in Mosque (Called Maqtab). In here every Muslim learns fundamental things of Islam.
Who Uses Mosque?Mosque is used by Muslim. A Muslim is who follows the religion of Islam. And also obey Hazrat Muhammad (ﷺ) as the last prophet of Islam.
Note about Muhammad (ﷺ):Muhammad محمد (SWA) is the central figure for all Muslim and they wanted to be following him properly. In the time of Aiyame Jahliat (The dark time when people was like to be animals and no prophets would come), Muhammad (Peace be Upon Him) was born in 570 CE as the last prophet. Muslims believe to be the unaltered faith of Adam, Abraham, Moses, Isa (Jesus) and other prophets. The Muslims are originally monotheistic faith on Allah (SWT).
Muhammad (ﷺ) was orphaned at the early age of his life and under the care of his Grandfather Abdul Muttalib and then the paternal uncle Abu Talib. In the early age he was a feeder then he worked as a merchant.
At the age of 40, Muhammad (ﷺ) received his first revelation from Allah (SWT) in the Hera Cave through Gabriel. After three years he started preaching these revelations publicly, announcing that Ahadun Ahad (God is one) and He is the Messenger of Allah (SWT), similar to the other prophets in Islam such as Adam (Adom), Noah (Nuh), Abraham (Ibrahim), Moses (Musa), Jesus (Isa) and so many on.
In his whole life of the time, he was just spreading Islam and teaches his followers (Sahaba Azmayen) about Islam. Before his death, Most of the Arabian Peninsula had to revert to Islam. He died in 632 and now his followers (Muslims) are the 2nd largest community religion in the world.
The revelations (each known as Ayah) regarded by Muslims as the Word Of God called The Holy Quran.
Besides the Qur'an, Muhammad (ﷺ) was teachings and practices (Sunnah) to his Sahaba (Followers), found in Hadith and Sira. The Islamic Law and Sharia are using this sources.
How does Mosque look like ?
Building Structure of Mosque:Mosque is generally elaborated by domes, Minarets, and prayer halls. Many Mosque has
a different architecture and design but with a common structure. People can recognize it easily.
Dome:A rounded vault on the roof of a building or structure with a circular base
Minaret:A tall slender tower typically part of a mosque with a balcony. Where a Muezzin (A person who called prayer by adhan) calls Adhan [Muslims to prayer].
|Minaret of Mosque|
Mihrab:All Mosques have a Mihrab- an indicator, which wall of the Mosque faces to Mecca (qibla). The Qibla is the direction for Muslims face to pray.
Adhan:The root of Adhan is ʾadhina أَذِنَ . Adhina means to listen or to hear.
Adhan is called out by a muezzin from the Mosque in five times a day. Adhan is traditionally called from the Minaret. This Adhan is called for mandatory (Fard) worship (Salat). A second Adhan called known as iqama then all Muslims in the Mosque to line up for the beginning of the prayers.
Note: Muezzin is a person who calls the people for salat(prayers)
Adhan is literally in Arabic.
English pronunciation and meaning of Adhan is given below:
Allah is the Greatest.
Ash hadu an la ilaha illa allah
I acknowledge that there is no god but Allah.
Ash hadu anna Muhammadan-Rasul ullah
I acknowledge that Muhammad (sw) is the Messenger of Allah.
Hasten to prayer (Salah).
Hasten to success.
Allah is Greatest.
La ilaha illa-Allah
There is no god but Allah.
For better understanding about Mosque give some basic and respective Comparison between Islamic Mosque and a Christian Church are as below:
- When you arrive at a Mosque you need to remove your shoes.
- Before you enter the Mosque to pray you must carry out ritual washing called Wudhu.
- You need to wash the following areas during the Wudhu in a sequential with sunnah way (A way taught by Muhammad sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam):
- Traditionally, when a men arrived at a Christian church they remove their hats as a sign of respect.
- Men and Women are sitting together.
- A church is covered with crosses and candles. Churches also decorated with the beautiful variety of objects.
- Some Churches have a Jesus Sculpture or Cross.
- Christians are sitting on benches called Pew.
- Christian worship can often involve readings,music, prayers, Holy sermons Etc.
- Churches are particularly busy on Easter Sunday, the weekly praying day.
What does Muslims do in a Mosque?
- Offering salat (prayer) 5 time a day.
- Offering Jummah (prayer on Friday)
- Reciting Quran
- Maqtab (A basic Islamic education center for Children and Men)
- Iftar (Taken food at the sunset time during Ramadan)
- Religious discussion
- Jurisdiction through Islamic law and justice.
|5 Time Salat a day|
Offering salat ( prayer ) 5 time a day:In everyday, every Muslims must pray (called Fard) 5 times in a day
|Daily 5 Time Prayers|
- Fajr [pre-dawn]: Have to pray 2 Rakats Sunnah and 2 Rakats Farz
- Dhuhr [midday]: Have to pray 4 Rakat sunnah , 4 Rakat Fard, 2 Rakat Sunnah and 2 Rakat Nafal.
- Asr [afternoon]: Have to pray 4 Rakat Sunnah And 4 rakat Fard.
- Maghrib [sunset]: Have to Pray 3 Rakat Fard, 2 Rakat Sunnah and 2 Rakat Nafal
- Isha'a [night]: Have to Pray 4 Rakat sunnah , 4 Rakat Fard, 2 Rakat Sunnah and 2 Rakat Nafal
Farz: Mandatory Pray
Sunnah: it’s not Mandatory but have a great rewards. Majority Muslims is trying to pray the sunnah for becoming better Muhammad (ﷺ) followers.
Nafal: Not Mandatory but have rewards.
|Todo on Jummah Day|
Offering Jummah (prayer on Friday):Jummah is the weekly mandatory prayers. Every Friday (Midday) all Muslims gather in Mosque for this weekly prayer. In this day, Every Muslim do wash their whole body and wearing sacred cloths
than they move to the Mosque. Many Muslim countries declared Friday as a holiday.
|Sunnah of Jummah Day|
Many Quran copies are inside the Mosque. Every Muslims are welcome to reciting Quran.
Maktab:Maktab is the basic Islamic education center for the Children and also the Men. Most of the Muslim children study in the mosque for gathering basic Islamic knowledge. Men are also studied here. Molubi or Sheikh is the main teacher for the children.
Iftar:Iftar is the main part of Ramadan. Iftar is the taken food at the sunset time during Ramadan. Many people are gathered in Mosque for taking Iftar. It just looks like an occasion but has great reward. There is no difference between Rich and Poor, So everyone eats the same food and sit together.
Religious discussionMosque is the center of religious discussion, called Talim. Study of Qur’an , study of Hadith , discuss about the Sira Muhammad (Peace be Upon Him) and discuss about the Islamic Masala (Question and answer) from Islamic schoolers called Molubi or Sheikh or Molla or Huzur all are the discussion topic on Mosque.
Jurisdiction through Islamic law and justice:Islamic Law and Sharia is based on Qur’an,Hadith,Ijma and Qiyas. Mosque is the center for the Justice and gives the people jurisdiction. Everyone (Muslim and NonMuslim) can want justice in the society or a country(If the country law is based on Sharia). The leader(Molubi/Sheikh) is the judge but he absolutely needs to follow the Quran and Sunnah. If the Judge abuse the law then anyone can veritable by Quran and sunnah.
- Take Off Your Shoes: You needs to take off your shoes before entering the mosque.
- Cover Body Parts: Cover your body with Islamic way. Must maintain your Fard. For men, You don’t show your Navel to the calf . For women, you don’t show any body part except wrist and mouth.
- Keep Quiet: You can not talk except the religious matter. It’s better to keep Quiet.
- Sound: Don’t play any other sound.
- Switch Off: Don’t forget to mute or switch off your mobile phone.
- Photo or Video: You can not take any photo or video in the mosque.
- Must be Clean: You need to clean with Wudu or Fard Shower(You needs to clean the whole body with Nose watering and Mouth Watering ).
Top 3 Holiest Mosques in the World [video]
Al-Masjid Al-Haram:The Masjid al-Haram المسجد الحرام is the largest sacred Mosque in the world called Kaaba. It’s situated in the city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Muslims faces towards Qibla (direction of Kaaba) while performing salat.
|Upper View of Majid Al Haram|
The current structure of Kaaba covers an area of 88.2 acres and is open for only Muslim at all the time.
|Makka Clock Tower and Ka'ba Sarif|
The first construction of the Kaaba(The black square house) was done by Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him) and his son Ismail (peace be upon him) .
Allah (the Glorified and Exalted) says that
This was the first house that was built for humanity to worship Allah (SWT).People started filling the Kaaba with idols after Ibrahim (Alaihi Wasallam) died and worship the idols instead of Allah . It was running until Prophet Muhammad (Sallalahu Alaihi wasallam) defeated the idol-worshippers and destroyed the idols .
|Masjid Al Haram at Night|
ALLAH says that in the Quran,
Verily, We have seen the turning of your (Muhammad’s) face towards the heaven. Surely, We shall turn you to a Qiblah ( prayer direction ) that shall please you, so turn your face in the direction of Masjid al - Haram. And wheresoever you people are, turn your faces (in prayer) in that direction.-- Surah Al-Baqara Ayat 144
Al-Masjid an-Nabawi:Al-Masjid an-Nabawi المسجد النبوي meanings of Prophet’s Mosque ,also known as the Mosque of Ahmed. This Mosque is originally built by prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) in Medina,Saudi Arabia. Al-Masjid an-Nabawi was the 2nd holiest Mosque in Islamic history. Now it’s one of the largest Mosque in the world. Al-Masjid an-Nabawi is always open for prayers, regardless of time and date.
The Mosque was originally adjacent to Muhammad’s(Peace b upon him) House in Medina. He has settled Medina after his Hijra(emigration) in 622 AC. The original Mosque built by Mud and was an open air-building. Muhammad(sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ) shared in heavy work of construction to built Al-Masjid an-Nabawi.
The Mosque was served as a community center , a court for Islamic Judgement and a religious school. Subsequent Islamic rulers greatly expanded and decorated the Mosque during their rule times.
Many pilgrims who perform the Hajj go on to Medina to visit the Al-Masjid an-Nabawi due to its connection to the life of Muhammad(peace be upon him).
One of the notable features of the Green Dome in the south corner of Al-Masjid an Nabawi was the originally Aisha’s house. In 1279, the was built over the tomb and painted green in 1837, hence becoming known as the "Green Dome".
Masjid Al- Aqsa:
|Masjid Al Aqsa|
Al-Aqsa Mosque المسجد الاقصى is also known as Bayt Al-Muqaddas, is the 3rd holiest Mosque in the world. It’s located in the old city of Jerusalem, now in Israel. Bayt Al-Muqaddas is the Oldest Mosque for the Muslim. Muhammad(Sallallahu Alaihi wasallam ) was transported from Mecca to Bayt Al-Maqdis during Mehraz (A night Journey).
|Al Aqsa Mosque|
Many Hadith narrated from Sahaba (RA) about Rasulullah (SWT) Night Journey, some are here...
Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said,
I was brought Al-Buraq which is an animal white and long, bigger than a donkey but smaller than a mule who would place his hoof at a distance equal to the range of vision. I mounted it and came to Bayt Al-Maqdis, then tethered it to the ring used by the prophets. I entered the mosque and prayed two rak'ahs in it, and then came out and Gabriel brought me a vessel of wine and a vessel of milk. I chose the milk, and Gabriel said: You have chosen the thing of natural disposition. Then he took me to heaven.-- Sahih Muslim: 234
Abu Hurairah(RA) reported:
Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) said,
I found myself in Hijr and the Quraish were asking me about my Night Journey. I was asked about things pertaining to Bait Al-Maqdis which I could not preserve (in my mind). I was very much vexed, so vexed as I had never been before. Then Allah raised it (Bayt Al-Maqdis) before my eyes. I looked towards it, and I gave them the information about whatever they questioned me”-- Sahih Muslim: 251
Bayt Al- Maqdis have great History since thousands of year. Many wars were happended for capturing Bayt Al- Maqdis. The Crusade War is one of them. In the time of Khulafa E Rashidun, Omar Ibn Khattab (RA) capturing Jerusalem and rebuilt the Bayt Al-Maqdis in 638 AC.
When the Crusaders captured Bayt Al-Maqdis at the time of Fatemi Khilafat in 1099, they used the Bayt Al-Maqdis as a Palace and Dome of the Rock as a Church. But in the time of Sultan Salah Uddin Ayubi(Peace be Upon Him) many crusade war were happended between Muslim and Christian. Some are call Salahuddin as “Great Saladin” for his Kindness and the War Hero. After Many crusade Wars, Salah Uddin Ayubi (RA) recapturing Bayt Al-Maqdis in 1187.
When the Uthmani Khilafat ( Ottoman Empire ) were weakened in the 19th century, The British were Pushed Jew in the Holy Land of Jerusalem. The United Nation General Assembly adopted a partition plan for main Palestine on 29 November 1947. So Now the Bayt Al-Maqdis occupied by Israel-The Jew.
Some other Big and Beautiful Mosque:
4. Faisal Mosque
|Faisal Mosque Front View|
Another Name: Shah Faisal Masjid
Area: 54,000 sq ft
|Faisal Mosque, Islamabad, Pakistan|
|Faisal Mosque Night View|
5. Hassan II Mosque
|Hassan II Mosque Minaret and Architected|
Arabic: مسجد الحسن الثاني
Another Name: Casablanca Hajj
Area: 95,8320 sq ft
|Hassan II Mosque|
The Grand Mosque of Morocco Hassan II is located in Casablanca, Morocco. Hasan II is the largest mosque in the country and the 7th largest in the world.
It’s minaret is 210 meters (689 ft) and tallest one. It was completed in 1993. The minaret has 60 stories high topped laser light from is directed towards to Mecca. The mosque stands on a beautiful looking out to the Atlantic Ocean. A maximum of 105,000 Musallih can gather together for prayer.
|Hassan II Mosque Front|
6. Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque
|Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque Front and River view|
Arabic: مسجد السلطان عمر علي سيف الدين
City: Bandar Seri Begawan
Area: 171 ft high
|Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque at Night|
Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque is a an exclamation point above the Brunei River.The mosque Built on the banks of the river on an artificial lagoon. The mosque initially seems more attraction than place of worship. This mosque is often considered as one of the most beautiful mosques in the Asia Pacific
|Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque|
7. Baitul Mukarram
|Baitul Mukarram Mosque Gate|
Arabic: بيت المكرّم
Another Name: The Holy House
Area: 29,000 sq ft [on the east]
|Baitul Mukarram Mosque|
Baitul Mukarram is the national mosque of Bangladesh and it is located at the capital. Baitul Mukkaram make the place into 10th position on largest mosque in the world. Baitul Mukkarm basically built on traditional principles of Mughal architecture.
|Baitul Mukarram Upper View|
8. Jama Masjid
|Friday Prayer Time at Jama Masjid|
Another Name: Masjid-i Jahān-Numā
Area: 23,490 sq feet
|Jama Masjid, Delhi, India|
Jama Mosque or Jama Masjid highly decorative mosque was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan . It has three great gates,two high minarets & four towers constructed with red sandstone.
9. Zahir Mosque
Arabic: مسجد زاهر
Another Name: Masjid Zahir
City: Alor Setar, Kedah
Capacity: 124,412 sq feet
Rank: Top 10
Zahir Mosque was built in 1912. It is one of the oldest and grandest mosques in Malaysia. The mosque design by the prospect of the late Sultan Muhammad Jiwa Zainal Abidin II. The mosque is wide with 4 mezzanine areas where each mezzanine area is roofed by a dome and main dome is located at the north-eastern part. There was founded with five large domes which symbolizing the five main principles of Islam.
10. Sultan Ahmed Mosque
|Sultan Ahmed Mosque|
Arabic: مسجد السلطان أحمد
Another Name: Blue Mosque
Capacity: 10,000 sp feet
|Sultan Ahmed Mosque upper View|
Sultan Ahmed Mosque is an historical mosque or place in Istanbul, Turkish. Sultan Ahmed Mosque is mainly known as Blue Mosque because of its blue tiles which surrounding the walls of its interior design.
|Sultan Ahmed Mosque|