Muslim Church or Muslim Mosque

Al-Masjid  المسجد‎‎ is also known as “Mosque” in English, Mezquita in Spanish. But some other people call it Muslim Mosque or Muslim Church. Don’t be confused about the different name. Masjid is a place of worship for followers of Islam (called Muslim).

mosque in sunset time
Masjid

Muslim Mosque and Muslim Church are the same things - called Masjid. Christian people are used “Church” for the worship house. In America and Europe, many Churches are converted to Mosque. So many people used Muslim Church instead of Muslim Mosque or Masjid. Some fanatic Christian have no knowledge about the name of Mosque and they usually used Muslim Church instead of Muslim Mosque.

The Mosque is a center place where Muslim can gather for salat or prayer as well as a center  for information & education. The Imam (The leader of the believers) leads the salat (prayer).The children are taught Quran in Mosque (Called Maqtab). In here every Muslim learns fundamental things of Islam.

Who Uses Mosque?

Mosque is used by Muslim. A Muslim is who follows the religion of Islam. And also obey Hazrat Muhammad (ﷺ) as the last prophet of Islam.

Note about Muhammad (ﷺ):

Muhammad محمد (SWA) is the central figure for all Muslim and they wanted to be following him properly. In the time of Aiyame Jahliat (The dark time when people was like to be animals and no prophets would come), Muhammad (Peace be Upon Him) was born in 570 CE as the last prophet. Muslims believe to be the unaltered faith of Adam, Abraham, Moses, Isa (Jesus) and other prophets. The Muslims are originally monotheistic faith on Allah (SWT).
Muhammad (ﷺ) was orphaned at the early age of his life and under the care of his Grandfather Abdul Muttalib and then the paternal uncle Abu Talib. In the early age he was a feeder then he worked as a merchant.
At the age of 40, Muhammad (ﷺ) received his first revelation from Allah (SWT) in the Hera Cave through Gabriel. After three years he started preaching these revelations publicly, announcing that Ahadun Ahad (God is one) and He is the Messenger of Allah (SWT), similar to the other prophets in Islam such as Adam (Adom), Noah (Nuh), Abraham (Ibrahim), Moses (Musa), Jesus (Isa) and so many on.
In his whole life of the time, he was just spreading Islam and teaches his followers (Sahaba Azmayen) about Islam. Before his death, Most of the Arabian Peninsula had to revert to Islam. He died in 632 and now his followers (Muslims) are the 2nd largest community religion in the world.
The revelations (each known as Ayah) regarded by Muslims as the Word Of God called The Holy Quran.

Besides the Qur'an, Muhammad (ﷺ) was teachings and practices (Sunnah) to his Sahaba (Followers), found in Hadith and Sira. The Islamic Law and Sharia are using this sources.

How does Mosque look like ?

Building Structure of Mosque:

Mosque is generally elaborated by domes, Minarets, and prayer halls. Many Mosque has
a different architecture and design but with a common structure. People can recognize it easily.

Dome: 

A rounded vault on the roof of a building or structure with a circular base

multiple dome in the mosque roof
Mosque Dome

Minaret:

A tall slender tower typically part of a mosque with a balcony. Where a Muezzin (A person who called prayer by adhan) calls Adhan [Muslims to prayer].

mosque minaret
Minaret of Mosque

Mihrab:

All Mosques have a Mihrab- an indicator, which wall of the Mosque faces to Mecca (qibla). The Qibla is the direction for Muslims face to pray.

Inside the mosque mihrab
Mihrab

Adhan:

The root of Adhan is ʾadhina أَذِنَ . Adhina means to listen or  to hear.
Adhan is called out by a muezzin from the Mosque in five times a day. Adhan is  traditionally called from the Minaret. This Adhan is called for mandatory (Fard) worship (Salat). A second Adhan called known as iqama then all Muslims in the Mosque to line up for the beginning of the prayers.
Note: Muezzin is a person who calls the people for salat(prayers)
Adhan is literally in Arabic. 

Adan MP3:

English pronunciation and meaning of Adhan is given below:

Allahu Akbar
Allah is the Greatest.
Ash hadu an la ilaha illa allah
I acknowledge that there is no god but Allah.
Ash hadu anna Muhammadan-Rasul ullah
I acknowledge that Muhammad (sw) is the Messenger of Allah.
Hayya Alas-ṣalāh
Hasten to prayer (Salah).
Hayya ʿalal-falāḥ
Hasten to success.
Allahu akbar
Allah is Greatest.
La ilaha illa-Allah
There is no god but Allah.


For better understanding about Mosque give some basic and respective Comparison  between Islamic Mosque and a Christian Church are as below:

Islamic Mosque:

  1. When you arrive at a Mosque you need to remove your shoes.
  2. Before you enter the Mosque to pray you must carry out ritual washing called  Wudhu.
  3. You need to wash the following areas during the Wudhu in a sequential with sunnah way (A way taught by Muhammad sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam):                             
    • Hands
    • Mouth-watering
    • Nose
    • Face
    • Arms
    • Hair
    • Feet
  4. Basically Only men are praying in Mosque and Women are separated or praying in own house.
  5. Every Mosque has a designed wall call  Mehrab that indicates the Mecca , A direction for all Muslims face to pray.
  6. The Imam (Leader) leads the prayer.
  7. Friday is the special day for Muslim.
  8. Mosque isn’t decorated, it’s just simple praying house.

Christian Church:

  1. Traditionally, when a  men arrived at a Christian church they remove their hats as a sign of respect.
  2. Men and Women are sitting together.
  3. A church is covered with crosses and candles. Churches also decorated with the beautiful variety of objects.
  4. Some Churches have a Jesus Sculpture or Cross.
  5. Christians are sitting on benches called Pew.
  6. Christian worship can often involve readings,music, prayers, Holy sermons Etc.
  7. Churches are particularly busy on Easter Sunday, the weekly praying day.

What does Muslims do in a Mosque?

  • Offering salat (prayer) 5 time a day.
  • Offering Jummah (prayer on Friday)
  • Reciting Quran
  • Maqtab (A  basic Islamic education center  for Children and Men)
  • Iftar (Taken food at the sunset time during Ramadan)
  • Religious discussion
  • Jurisdiction through Islamic law and justice.

daily salat time
5 Time Salat a day

Offering salat ( prayer ) 5 time a day:

In everyday, every Muslims must pray (called Fard) 5 times in a day
prayers time daily
Daily 5 Time Prayers
  1. Fajr [pre-dawn]: Have  to pray 2 Rakats Sunnah and 2 Rakats Farz
  2. Dhuhr [midday]: Have to pray 4 Rakat sunnah , 4 Rakat Fard, 2 Rakat Sunnah and 2 Rakat Nafal.
  3. Asr [afternoon]: Have to pray 4 Rakat Sunnah And 4 rakat Fard.
  4. Maghrib [sunset]: Have to Pray 3 Rakat Fard, 2 Rakat Sunnah and 2 Rakat Nafal
  5. Isha'a [night]: Have to Pray 4 Rakat sunnah , 4 Rakat Fard, 2 Rakat Sunnah and 2 Rakat Nafal
Note:
        Farz: Mandatory Pray
        Sunnah: it’s not Mandatory but have a great rewards. Majority Muslims is trying to pray the sunnah for becoming better Muhammad (ﷺ) followers.
        Nafal:  Not Mandatory but have rewards.


the things todo on jummah or friday
Todo on Jummah Day

Offering Jummah (prayer on Friday): 

Jummah is the weekly mandatory prayers. Every Friday (Midday) all Muslims gather in Mosque for this weekly prayer. In this day, Every Muslim do wash their whole body and wearing sacred cloths

than they move to the Mosque.  Many Muslim countries declared Friday as a holiday.



sunnah on friday or jummah
Sunnah of Jummah Day

Reciting Quran:

The book of wisdom - Holy Quran
Holy Qu'ran
The Qur'an is the Sacred Word from Allah (God). Originally it’s written in Arabic and it has 114 Chapters called Surah. Many Surah has a different subject to study.
Many Quran copies are  inside the Mosque. Every Muslims  are welcome to reciting Quran.

Maktab:

Maktab is the basic Islamic education center  for the Children and also the  Men. Most of the Muslim children study in the mosque for gathering basic Islamic knowledge. Men are also studied here. Molubi or Sheikh is the main teacher for the children.

Iftar:

Iftar is the main part of Ramadan. Iftar is the taken food at the sunset time during Ramadan. Many people are gathered in Mosque for taking Iftar. It just looks like an occasion but has great reward. There is no difference between Rich and Poor, So everyone eats the same food and sit together.

Religious discussion

Mosque is the center  of religious discussion, called Talim. Study of Qur’an , study of Hadith , discuss about the Sira Muhammad (Peace be Upon Him) and discuss about the Islamic Masala (Question and answer) from Islamic schoolers called Molubi or Sheikh or Molla or Huzur all are the discussion topic on Mosque.

Jurisdiction through Islamic law and justice:

Islamic Law and Sharia is based on Qur’an,Hadith,Ijma and Qiyas. Mosque is the center for the Justice and gives the people jurisdiction.  Everyone (Muslim and NonMuslim) can  want justice in the society or a country(If the country law is based on Sharia). The leader(Molubi/Sheikh) is  the judge but he absolutely needs to follow the Quran and Sunnah. If the Judge abuse the law then anyone can veritable by Quran and sunnah.

Mosque Decency:

  • Take Off Your Shoes: You needs to take off your shoes before entering the mosque.  
  • Cover Body Parts: Cover your body with Islamic way. Must maintain your Fard. For men, You don’t show your Navel to the calf . For women, you don’t show  any body part except wrist and mouth.
  • Keep Quiet: You  can not talk except the religious matter. It’s better to keep Quiet.
  • Sound: Don’t play any other sound.
  • Switch Off: Don’t forget to mute or switch off your mobile phone.
  • Photo or Video: You can not take any photo or video in the mosque.
  • Must be Clean: You need to clean with Wudu or Fard Shower(You needs to clean the whole body with Nose watering and Mouth Watering ).


The 3 Greatest Mosque for Muslims:

According to Sahih al-Bukhari, Muhammad (s:) said: "Do not prepare yourself for a journey except to three Mosques: Masjid al-Haram,  my Mosque (Al-Masjid An-nabawi, Madeenah) and  the Masjid Al- Aqsa (Jerusalem)"


Top 3 Holiest Mosques in the World [video]


Al-Masjid Al-Haram:

The Masjid al-Haram المسجد الحرام‎‎ is the largest sacred Mosque in the world called Kaaba. It’s situated in the city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Muslims faces towards Qibla (direction of Kaaba) while performing salat.


upper view of Majid Al Haram
Upper View of Majid Al Haram
Hajj (one of the five pillars of Islam) is one of the largest annual gatherings of all Muslim, at least once if able to do so in his/her lifetime. Tawaf (circumambulation of the Kaaba) is the mandatory works for fulfilling Hajj requirements.Multiple parts of the Hajj required walking seven times around the Kaaba in a counter clock wise direction.  This circumambulation (Tawaf)  is also performed during the time of  Umrah.

The current structure of Kaaba covers an area of 88.2 acres and is open for only Muslim at all the time.
Makka Clock Tower and Ka'ba Sarif
Makka Clock Tower and Ka'ba Sarif

The first construction of the Kaaba(The black square house) was done by Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him) and his son Ismail (peace be upon him) .

Allah (the Glorified and Exalted) says that
This was the first house that was built for humanity to worship Allah (SWT).
People started filling the Kaaba with idols after Ibrahim (Alaihi Wasallam) died and worship the idols instead of Allah . It was running until Prophet Muhammad (Sallalahu Alaihi wasallam) defeated the idol-worshippers and destroyed the idols .
Masjid Al Haram at Night
Masjid Al Haram at Night

ALLAH says that in the Quran,
Verily, We have seen the turning of your (Muhammad’s) face towards the heaven. Surely, We shall turn you to a Qiblah ( prayer direction ) that shall please you, so turn your face in the direction of Masjid al - Haram. And wheresoever you people are, turn your faces (in prayer) in that direction.
-- Surah Al-Baqara Ayat 144

Al-Masjid an-Nabawi:

Al-Masjid an-Nabawi  المسجد النبوي‎‎ meanings of Prophet’s Mosque ,also known as the Mosque of Ahmed. This Mosque is originally built by prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) in Medina,Saudi Arabia. Al-Masjid an-Nabawi was the 2nd holiest Mosque in Islamic history. Now it’s one of the largest Mosque in the world. Al-Masjid an-Nabawi is always open for prayers, regardless of time and date.


Masjid Nabawi
Masjid Nabawi


The Mosque was originally adjacent to Muhammad’s(Peace b upon him) House in Medina. He has settled Medina after his Hijra(emigration) in 622 AC. The original Mosque built by Mud and was an open air-building. Muhammad(sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ) shared in heavy work of construction to built Al-Masjid an-Nabawi.
The Mosque was served as a community center , a court for Islamic Judgement and a religious school. Subsequent Islamic rulers greatly expanded and decorated the Mosque during their rule times.
Many pilgrims who perform the Hajj go on to Medina to visit the Al-Masjid an-Nabawi due to its connection to the life of Muhammad(peace be upon him).


One of the notable features of the Green Dome in the south corner of Al-Masjid an Nabawi was the originally Aisha’s house. In 1279, the was built over the tomb and painted green in 1837, hence becoming known as the "Green Dome".

Masjid Al- Aqsa:

Masjid Al Aqsa
Masjid Al Aqsa

 

Al-Aqsa Mosque المسجد الاقصى‎‎  is also known as Bayt Al-Muqaddas, is the 3rd holiest Mosque in the world. It’s located in the old city of Jerusalem, now in Israel. Bayt Al-Muqaddas is the Oldest Mosque for the Muslim. Muhammad(Sallallahu  Alaihi wasallam )  was transported from Mecca to Bayt Al-Maqdis during Mehraz (A night Journey).

Al Aqsa Mosque
Al Aqsa Mosque

Many Hadith narrated from Sahaba (RA) about Rasulullah (SWT) Night Journey, some are here...

Don’t Confuse With Al-Aqsa Mosque and Dome of the Rock

Anas bin Malik(RA)  narrated:
Allah's Messenger () said,
I was brought Al-Buraq which is an animal white and long, bigger than a donkey but smaller than a mule who would place his hoof at a distance equal to the range of vision. I mounted it and came to Bayt Al-Maqdis, then tethered it to the ring used by the prophets. I entered the mosque and prayed two rak'ahs in it, and then came out and Gabriel brought me a vessel of wine and a vessel of milk. I chose the milk, and Gabriel said: You have chosen the thing of natural disposition. Then he took me to heaven.
-- Sahih Muslim: 234


Abu Hurairah(RA) reported:
Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) said, 
I found myself in Hijr and the Quraish were asking me about my Night Journey. I was asked about things pertaining to Bait Al-Maqdis which I could not preserve (in my mind). I was very much vexed, so vexed as I had never been before. Then Allah raised it (Bayt Al-Maqdis) before my eyes. I looked towards it, and I gave them the information about whatever they questioned me”
-- Sahih Muslim: 251

Bayt Al- Maqdis have great History since thousands of year. Many wars were happended  for capturing  Bayt Al- Maqdis. The Crusade War is one of them. In the time of Khulafa E Rashidun, Omar Ibn Khattab (RA) capturing Jerusalem and rebuilt the Bayt Al-Maqdis in 638 AC.
 When the Crusaders captured Bayt Al-Maqdis at the time of Fatemi Khilafat in 1099, they used the Bayt Al-Maqdis as a Palace and Dome of the Rock as a Church. But in the time of Sultan Salah Uddin Ayubi(Peace be Upon Him) many crusade war were happended between Muslim and Christian. Some are call Salahuddin as “Great Saladin” for his Kindness and the War Hero. After Many crusade Wars, Salah Uddin Ayubi (RA) recapturing Bayt Al-Maqdis in 1187.

When the Uthmani Khilafat ( Ottoman Empire ) were  weakened in the 19th century, The British were Pushed Jew in the Holy Land of Jerusalem. The United Nation General Assembly adopted a partition plan for main Palestine on  29 November 1947. So Now the Bayt Al-Maqdis occupied by Israel-The Jew.

Some other Big and Beautiful Mosque:

4. Faisal Mosque

Faisal Mosque Front View
Urdu: فیصل مسجد
Another Name: Shah Faisal Masjid
City: Islamabad
Country: Pakistan
Capacity: 100,000
Area: 54,000 sq ft
Since: 1966
Rank: 7th

Faisal Mosque, Islamabad, Pakistan
Faisal Mosque, Islamabad, Pakistan
Faisal Mosque is the largest mosque in the Pakistan and also it was the largest mosque is  the world from 1986 to 1993. Designer tries to give shape it like desert Bedouin's tent. Faisal Mosque has become the iconic symbol of Islamabad

Faisal Mosque Night View
Faisal Mosque Night View

5. Hassan II Mosque

Hassan II Mosque Minaret and Architected
Hassan II Mosque Minaret and Architected

Arabic: مسجد الحسن الثاني
Another Name: Casablanca Hajj
City: Casablanca
Country: Morocco
Capacity: 105,000
Area: 95,8320  sq ft
Since:1993
Rank:13th largest

Hassan II Mosque Back View
Hassan II Mosque


The Grand Mosque of Morocco Hassan II is located in Casablanca, Morocco. Hasan II  is the largest mosque in the country and the 7th largest in the world.
It’s minaret is 210 meters (689 ft) and tallest one. It was completed in 1993. The minaret has 60 stories high topped laser light from is directed towards to Mecca. The mosque stands on a beautiful looking out to the Atlantic Ocean. A maximum of 105,000 Musallih can gather together for prayer.


Hassan II Mosque Front View
Hassan II Mosque Front

6. Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque

Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque Front and River view
Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque Front and River view

Arabic: مسجد السلطان عمر علي سيف الدين
Another Name:
City: Bandar Seri Begawan
Country: Brunei
Capacity:
Area: 171 ft high
Since: 1958

Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque at Night
Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque at Night


Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque is a an exclamation point above the Brunei River.The mosque Built on the banks of the river on an artificial lagoon. The mosque initially seems more attraction than place of worship. This mosque is often considered as one of the most beautiful mosques in the Asia Pacific

Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque

7. Baitul Mukarram

Baitul Mukarram Mosque Gate
Baitul Mukarram Mosque Gate


Arabic: بيت المكرّم‎‎
Another Name: The Holy House
City: Dhaka
Country: Bangladesh
Capacity: 30,000
Area: 29,000 sq ft [on the east]
Since: 1968
Rank: 10th

Baitul Mukarram Mosque
Baitul Mukarram Mosque


Baitul Mukarram is the national mosque of Bangladesh and it is located at the capital. Baitul Mukkaram make the place into 10th position on largest mosque in the world. Baitul Mukkarm basically built on traditional principles of Mughal architecture.

Baitul Mukarram Upper View
Baitul Mukarram Upper View

8. Jama Masjid

Friday Prayer Time at Jama Masjid
Friday Prayer Time at Jama Masjid
 Arabic:  مسجد جاما
Another Name: Masjid-i Jahān-Numā
City: Delhi
Country: India
Capacity: 25,000
Area: 23,490 sq feet
Since: 1656


Jama Masijd Night View
Jama Masjid, Delhi, India


Jama Mosque or Jama Masjid highly decorative mosque was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan . It has three great gates,two high minarets & four towers  constructed with red sandstone.

9. Zahir Mosque


Arabic: مسجد زاهر
Another Name: Masjid Zahir
City: Alor Setar, Kedah
Country: Malaysia
Capacity: 124,412 sq feet

Since: 1912
Rank: Top 10



Zahir Mosque was built in 1912. It is one of the oldest and grandest mosques in Malaysia. The mosque design by the prospect of the late Sultan Muhammad Jiwa Zainal Abidin II. The mosque is wide with 4 mezzanine areas where each mezzanine area is roofed by a dome and main dome is located at the north-eastern part. There was founded with five large domes which symbolizing the five main principles of Islam.


10. Sultan Ahmed Mosque

Sultan Ahmed Mosque with river view
Sultan Ahmed Mosque

Arabic: مسجد السلطان أحمد
Another Name: Blue Mosque
City: Istanbul
Country: Turkey
Capacity:  10,000 sp feet

Since: 1616


Sultan Ahmed Mosque upper View
Sultan Ahmed Mosque upper View

Sultan Ahmed Mosque is an historical mosque or place in Istanbul, Turkish. Sultan Ahmed Mosque is mainly known as Blue Mosque because of its blue tiles which surrounding the walls of its interior design.

Sultan Ahmed Mosque eveing View
Sultan Ahmed Mosque

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