Sunan Abu Dawud Authentic Hadith: English Translation

sunan abu dawud

Sunan Abu Dawud Authentic Hadith

In Islam Hadith is the second priority after The Holy Quran.

There are lots of books of Hadith among them there are some pure authentic. Among the authentic there six books are more popular. It is called The Kutub al-Sittah (six major hadith collections). These are:

Sunan Abu Dawud is one of the Kutub al-Sittah, collected by Imam Abu Dawud Sulayman ibn al-Ash'ath as-Sijistani ( رحمة الله عليه‎).

It is widely considered to be among the six canonical collections of hadith (Kutub as-Sittah) of the Sunnah of the Prophet Mohammed (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم‎).

Completed Compilation

The book Sunan Abu Dawud compilation was completed at Bagdad in 241 hijri. His teacher Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal (رحمة الله عليه‎) was happy to see his collection.

Third in Position

Among the six authentic books of hadith Sunan Abu Dawud is an important collection of hadith. Most of the scholars have assigned it to the third position. It is only after the compilation of Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim.

Some Statements from Scholars of Hadith Concerning Sunan Abu Dawud:


Al-Khattabi (رحمة الله عليه‎) Said

Sunan Abu Dawud is an excellent book. No such parallel work has been produced so far in religious sciences. It has gained popularity amongst the people. It has a decisive position among various classes of scholars and jurists. All have benefited equally from it. The people of Iraq, Eygpt, Maghrib and most of the countries depended upon it.

Ibn al-Jawzi (رحمة الله عليه‎) Said

Abu Dawud (رحمة الله عليه‎) was an eminent doctor of hadith and an outstanding scholar. No one has compiled a book like his Sunan.

Ibn Kathir (رحمة الله عليه‎) Said

Sunan Abu Dawud is considered to be a famous and popular work among scholars.

Book: 1
Start Hadith Number: 1
End Hadith Number: 390
Total Hadith: 390
Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah)

Book: 2
Start Hadith Number: 391
End Hadith Number: 1160
Total Hadith: 770
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat)

Book: 3
Start Hadith Number: 1161
End Hadith Number: 1197
Total Hadith: 37
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat) Details of Commencing Prayer

Book: 4
Start Hadith Number: 1198
End Hadith Number: 1249
Total Hadith: 52
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat) Detailed Rules of Law about the Prayer during Journey

Book: 5
Start Hadith Number: 1250
End Hadith Number: 1370
Total Hadith: 121
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat):Prayer at Night

Book: 6
Start Hadith Number: 1371
End Hadith Number: 1400
Total Hadith: 30
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat) Detailed Injunctions about Ramadan

Book: 7
Start Hadith Number: 1401
End Hadith Number: 1415
Total Hadith: 15
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat) Prostration while reciting the Qur'an

Book: 8
Start Hadith Number: 1416
End Hadith Number: 1555
Total Hadith: 140
Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat) Detailed Injunctions about Witr

Book: 9
Start Hadith Number: 1556
End Hadith Number: 1700
Total Hadith: 145
Zakat (Kitab Al-Zakat)

Book: 10
Start Hadith Number: 1701
End Hadith Number: 1720
Total Hadith: 20
The Book of Lost and Found Items

Book: 11
Start Hadith Number: 1721
End Hadith Number: 2045
Total Hadith: 325
The Rites of Hajj (Kitab Al-Manasik Wa'l-Hajj)

Book: 12
Start Hadith Number: 2046
End Hadith Number: 2174
Total Hadith: 129
Marriage (Kitab Al-Nikah)

Book: 13
Start Hadith Number: 2175
End Hadith Number: 2312
Total Hadith: 138
Divorce (Kitab Al-Talaq)

Book: 14
Start Hadith Number: 2313
End Hadith Number: 2476
Total Hadith: 164
Fasting (Kitab Al-Siyam)

Book: 15
Start Hadith Number: 2477
End Hadith Number: 2787
Total Hadith: 311
Jihad (Kitab Al-Jihad)

Book: 16
Start Hadith Number: 2788
End Hadith Number: 2843
Total Hadith: 56
Sacrifice (Kitab Al-Dahaya)

Book: 17
Start Hadith Number: 2844
End Hadith Number: 2861
Total Hadith: 18
Game (Kitab Al-Said)

Book: 18
Start Hadith Number: 2862
End Hadith Number: 2884
Total Hadith: 23
Wills (Kitab Al-Wasaya)

Book: 19
Start Hadith Number: 2885
End Hadith Number: 2927
Total Hadith: 43
Shares of Inheritance (Kitab Al-Fara'id)

Book: 20
Start Hadith Number: 2928
End Hadith Number: 3088
Total Hadith: 161
Tribute, Spoils, and Rulership (Kitab Al-Kharaj, Wal-Fai' Wal-Imarah)

Book: 21
Start Hadith Number: 3089
End Hadith Number: 3241
Total Hadith: 153
Funerals (Kitab Al-Jana'iz)

Book: 22
Start Hadith Number: 3242
End Hadith Number: 3325
Total Hadith: 84
Oaths and Vows (Kitab Al-Aiman Wa Al-Nudhur)

Book: 23
Start Hadith Number: 3326
End Hadith Number: 3415
Total Hadith: 90
Commercial Transactions (Kitab Al-Buyu)

Book: 24
Start Hadith Number: 3416
End Hadith Number: 3570
Total Hadith: 155
Wages (Kitab Al-Ijarah)

Book: 25
Start Hadith Number: 3571
End Hadith Number: 3640
Total Hadith: 70
The Office of the Judge (Kitab Al-Aqdiyah)

Book: 26
Start Hadith Number: 3641
End Hadith Number: 3668
Total Hadith: 28
Knowledge (Kitab Al-Ilm)

Book: 27
Start Hadith Number: 3669
End Hadith Number: 3735
Total Hadith: 67
Drinks (Kitab Al-Ashribah)

Book: 28
Start Hadith Number: 3736
End Hadith Number: 3854
Total Hadith: 119
Foods (Kitab Al-At'imah)

Book: 29
Start Hadith Number: 3855
End Hadith Number: 3903
Total Hadith: 49
Medicine (Kitab Al-Tibb)

Book: 30
Start Hadith Number: 3904
End Hadith Number: 3925
Total Hadith: 22
Divination and Omens (Kitab Al-Kahanah Wa Al-Tatayyur)

Book: 31
Start Hadith Number: 3926
End Hadith Number: 3968
Total Hadith: 43
The Book of Manumission of Slaves

Book: 32
Start Hadith Number: 3969
End Hadith Number: 4008
Total Hadith: 40
Dialects and Readings of the Qur'an (Kitab Al-Huruf Wa Al-Qira'at)

Book: 33
Start Hadith Number: 4009
End Hadith Number: 4019
Total Hadith: 11
Hot Baths (Kitab Al-Hammam)

Book: 34
Start Hadith Number: 4020
End Hadith Number: 4158
Total Hadith: 139
Clothing (Kitab Al-Libas)

Book: 35
Start Hadith Number: 4159
End Hadith Number: 4213
Total Hadith: 55
Combing the Hair (Kitab Al-Tarajjul)

Book: 36
Start Hadith Number: 4214
End Hadith Number: 4239
Total Hadith: 26
Signet-Rings (Kitab Al-Khatam)

Book: 37
Start Hadith Number: 4240
End Hadith Number: 4278
Total Hadith: 39
Trials and Fierce Battles (Kitab Al-Fitan Wa Al-Malahim)

Book: 38
Start Hadith Number: 4279
End Hadith Number: 4290
Total Hadith: 12
The Promised Deliverer (Kitab Al-Mahdi)

Book: 39
Start Hadith Number: 4291
End Hadith Number: 4350
Total Hadith: 60
Battles (Kitab Al-Malahim)

Book: 40
Start Hadith Number: 4351
End Hadith Number: 4493
Total Hadith: 143
Prescribed Punishments (Kitab Al-Hudud)

Book: 41
Start Hadith Number: 4494
End Hadith Number: 4595
Total Hadith: 102
Types of Blood-Wit (Kitab Al-Diyat)

Book: 42
Start Hadith Number: 4596
End Hadith Number: 4772
Total Hadith: 177
Model Behavior of the Prophet (Kitab Al-Sunnah)

Book: 43
Start Hadith Number: 4773
End Hadith Number: 5274
Total Hadith: 502
General Behavior (Kitab Al-Adab)

History of Imam Abu Dawud ( رحمة الله عليه‎)


Genealogy of Imam Abu Dawud ( رحمة الله عليه‎

Imam Abu Dawud Sulaiman ibn Ash`ath ibn Ishaq ibn Bashir ibn Shaddad ibn `Umar ibn `Imran al-Azdi Sajastani ( رحمة الله عليه‎).

Year of Birth

Imam Abu Dawud ( رحمة الله عليه‎) was born in the year 202 hijri.

Birth Place

Imam Abu Dawud ( رحمة الله عليه‎) was born in Sajistan. Sajistan is the city of Khurasan. He belonged to the Arab tribe, Azd.

Called as Imam Al-Muhaddithin

He had so much command over hadith, he was called by many as Imam al-muhaddithin of his time.


Spent Life

He spent most of the time at Basrah which was the seat of Islamic learning in that era.

Travel

Imam Abu Dawud ( رحمة الله عليه‎) traveled for collecting hadith. He went several places:
  • Bagdad 
  • Hijaz 
  • Egypt 
  • Al-Jazirah 
  • Nishapur 
  • Syria 
  • Isfahan
  • And many more

Memory

He was blessed By Allah (سبحان و تعالى) with an extra ordinary memory power. He read a book only once and he never forgets it whole in his life.

Differentiate

He was an expert in differentiating the sound hadith from the weak and defective ones.

Criticism of Hadith

There are only four persons are reported to have earned their names for the criticism of hadith. They are:
  • Imam Bukhari 
  • Imam Muslim 
  • Imam Abu Dawud 
  • Imam Nasa'i

Islamic Scholars Era

He was living the age when the Muslim world was full of renowned Islamic scholars.

Fiqh and Ijtihad

He was also a great jurist besides of collecting hadith. He was well enough in fiqh and ijtihad.

Books

  • Kitab Al Radd Ala' Ahl al Qadar 
  • Kitab Al Masa'il 
  • Musnad Malik 
  • Kitab Al Marasil 
  • Sunan Abu Dawud (most popular of all his works)

Religious

He was a very religious person. He spent the major time to offering salat, recite The Holy Quran, and dikir of Allah (سبحان و تعالى).

Stay Far From So-Called Dunia

He always kept away from men of rank, the company of sultans and courtiers.

Teachers

Imam Abu Dawud (رحمة الله عليه‎) heard hadith from 300 persons who were his teachers. Some were:

  • Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal (رحمة الله عليه‎
  • Ishaq ibn Rahawaiy (رحمة الله عليه‎
  • Abu Thaur (رحمة الله عليه‎
  • Yahya ibn Ma'in (رحمة الله عليه‎)


Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal (رحمة الله عليه‎) narrated one hadith from him.

Students

Some renowned students of Imam Abu Dawud:

  • Ibn Arabi (رحمة الله عليه‎
  • Abu `Isa al-Tirmidhi (رحمة الله عليه‎
  • Abu `Abdur-Rahman An Nasa'i (رحمة الله عليه‎)


Jurist

It is not clear to which thought he belonged. Some scholars say he was a Shafi'i jurist, others regarded him as a Hanbali jurist.

Imam Abu Dawud (رحمة الله عليه‎) himself has stated

From this book of mine four (4) hadith are sufficient for an intelligent and insightful person. They are:
  • Deeds are to be judged only by intentions.
  • Part of a man's good observance of Islam is that he leaves alone that which does not concern him. 
  • None of you can be a believer unless you love for your brother that which you love for yourself. 
  • The permitted (halal) is clear, and the forbidden (haram) is clear, between these two are doubtful matters. Whosoever abstains from these doubtful matters has saved his religion.

The traditions compiled in Sunan Abu Dawud were generally followed by companions, successors and their followers. It is a basic source of knowledge about the legal points of views held by Imam Malik (رحمة الله عليه‎), Sufyan Al-Thawri (رحمة الله عليه‎) and Al-Awza'i (رحمة الله عليه‎). It serves as an arbiter for disagreement among jurists.

His Death

Imam Abu Dawud died when he was 72 years old. It was Friday 16th Shawwal 275 hijri.

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